then get an academic job in France. They make you write and defend another thesis, after the Ph.D. It’s called the habilitation Ã diriger des recherches (HDR), which I guess means “qualification to direct research.” As I understand it (i.e., not very well), you need to get it before you’re allowed to supervise Ph.D. students. My colleague here in Paris just had his today. He’s actually supervised Ph.D. students before, so it must be possible to get around that requirement, but I guess you need to get this certification to climb the academic ladder.
At first this sounded kind of cruel to me, but actually, I’d gladly have signed up to write another dissertation rather than go through the tenure process at U.R.