Is Dry Farming the Next Wave in a Drought-Plagued World?

Dry farming is a tactic in which plants are only watered in the seedling stage and then left to the whims of nature. There is no irrigation and no rain. The plants instead must rely on their roots to bore deep into the ground and find remaining water from the past seasons. Dry farmed plants will often look dead and wilted, but their fruit can still be successful. Tomato plants were grown in California using this method. The vines of the plant were withered and brown, but the tomatoes still managed to come in full and red. This farming method relies on the plants ability to survive by finding its own supplies of water. The tomatoes grown for dry farming are closest to wild species of tomatoes. They are selected for their hardiness, but the fruit they bear is as flavorful as any other. Dry farming may serve as a key in meeting food demands during times of drought, like modern day California. This method is also important because it can help serve us in the future when climate change causes increased levels of drought.

Live Tracking of Winds, Currents, and Chemicals

https://earth.nullschool.net/#2016/12/04/2100Z/particulates/surface/level/overlay=duexttau/orthographic=-118.00,20.41,306

Earth.nullschool is a site that has an interactive map that shows the live wind currents of various altitudes and the speed of these winds. It gathers its data through GFS, NCEP, and US National Weather ServiceOne. It allows the viewer to can see the winds from surface area wind to 10 hPa. The relation of winds and humidity, precipitation, temperature, and cloud cover can also be observed through overlays. The map also has other data related to wind. It also shows the degree of Chemicals and loose particulars in the atmosphere on surface level and the wind affecting it. One can see the concentrations of Carbon Monoxide, Carbon Dioxide and sulfur dioxide at surface level. While the viewable particles consist of Sulfate and Dust Extinction.

This interactive map is not just limited to the Atmosphere. It also shows data on the Hydrosphere, specifically on the oceans. One of the maps options is viewing the waves and currents in the ocean. It also shows the sea surface temperature, temperature anomalies, and wave significance.

Although this data is interesting to view, it does not allow the collection of data and is therefore not very useful in that regard. However, it is an interesting website that allows geographers to see real time data on various subjects making it a valuable tool in that regard.

Geoguessr — Interactive Geography Game

Link: https://geoguessr.com

Geoguessr is a fun interactive game that is designed to stimulate the geography sides inside people. It utilizes the services of google maps to produce images. The user is dropped in a random location somewhere in the world. There are a myriad of types of locations that one can be dropped: middle of the ocean, national monuments, sometimes even inside of caves. One must use their knowledge and inference skills to observe their surroundings and ultimately make a guess about where in the world they have been dropped.

One should attempt to make observations about both the physical geography and human geography elements that are around them. Geoguessr tests one’s geography knowledge as one looks around their surroundings; taking note of soil color, tree type, architecture, vegetation, and landscape, in order to make a guess about where one is. To be successful, the player must pick up on various clues to help make an accurate guess. This is a very engaging and educational game!!

SNOWcast through interactive maps

Link: http://www.intellicast.com/Travel/Weather/Snow/SNOWcast.aspx

With much technology advancement, contemporary society demands more accurate weather forecasts. Of all the possible factors for weather forecast, snow forecast is one of the more important weather forecast. This is because now can have detrimental effect on transportation, outdoor activity, etc. Due to the wrong snow forecast, the Fairfax County Public School in Virginia experienced a detrimental effect of having tens of accidents around the schools. Likewise, accurate snow forecast will really help plan to prevent any devastating situation. The intellicast projects different forecasts with maps that are represented at a different angle of the weathers. For snow, it has the delay risk, travel outlook, roadway conditions, snow cover, SNOWcast, 48hr snow, 24hr snow, and many more to inform the public about the possible hazard. Such maps allow the people to easily see and accurately interpret the weather forecast. These information will further help to prevent possible hazard.

How Wildlife May Fare Under Trump

Link to the article: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/11/wildlife-watch-trump-wildlife-trafficking-animal-conservation/

Since the recent presidency elections one of the major questions was about, what would Trump do for the environment? If he becomes the president-elect. The debates in this presidency election surround various of concerns, including some which focus on national security, trade, economics, and to a lesser degree in this election cycle, on the environment. Wildlife, however, plays a part in all those concerns.

“Given our demonstrably disastrous effects on wildlife, there is now recognition that humans have a certain obligation to protect wildlife for its own sake” (Rachel, Jani, 2016). Since 2013 president-elect Obama has worked greatly on the conservation and sustainability of nature and protection of wildlife besides that we even worked on reduction of the pollutants which effects the earth and its climate. Which shows the attempt by the president to really protect the environment for a better and sustainable future.

However, the concern now rises what is the new president-elect going to do for the environment, as some of his campaigns seemed to promote the idea of climate change being a hoax rather a real problem which deserves concern. Trump’s administration seems to promote trophy hunting and other unfriendly- environmental amendments which, may cause a disruption through out the ecosystem, especially the hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Besides, the wall which Trump plans to build is going to disrupt the ecosystem especially the biosphere as its going to hinder animal migration which might end up being a cause for the extinction of these animals.

Urban Heat Island Interactive Maps

We have spent quite a bit of time in class talking about Urban Heat Islands and their different effects, yet it is different to hear about them than to actually see them in a real-time map. This interactive map shows UHI in California calculating temperature differentials over time between urban areas and nearby upwind rural reference points at the height these would be experienced by humans rather than ground level. The map is color-coded according to intensity and the index is reported in degree-hours per day or you can also view the UHI effects through average daily temperature increments.

Website:http://www.calepa.ca.gov/

Syracuse University Hydrosphere Research Group

The purpose of the Syracuse University Hydrosphere Research Group is to integrate research in the Hydrosphere and physical geography as a whole into departments and colleges throughout Syracuse University. The group played a crucial role in creating the Interdisciplinary Graduate Education, Research, and Training (IGERT) proposal, which developed an integrated undergraduate training program focused on human interactions with the hydrosphere. The group has also taken steps within the earth sciences department to improve the quality of the water program. They are constantly bringing in new faculty and equipment to allow for more water related research in the hydrosphere.

On the group’s website, information on faculty members involved in the group and their contact information is provided. Visitors to the website are also able to investigate subgroups of the project including SWIFT, Water Science & Engineering, and hydrology, among others. Finally, there is a tab on the website that discusses job positions available to become a faculty member of the Syracuse University Hydrosphere Research Group, and how to apply.

http://hydrosphere.syr.edu

Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigation

This center’s main goal is to investigate the deep seas of our planet. They are actually looking for microbial life underneath the rocks on the floor of our oceans. Their goal is to determine what organisms exist where and how long they’ve been there, how they might be related to other organisms nearby, and how these organisms play into the cycles that make our earth what it is today. The researchers go in and collect samples from under the sea and they analyze that data, as well as create their own models to represent what is below. They have many different field sites across the world where they get their data from, including off the coast of Washington state and Costa Rica. This relates to our class because they are very interested in the biosphere but are also investigating sediment rocks to see if there are any organisms living inside there. Their main focus is investigating our earth’s crust. The center is very dedicated to education and wants to make sure people know about what they are doing.

Home

Stanford University Spatial History Project

The Spatial History Project is an attempt to conduct research within the humanities, specifically history, through the lens of spatial analysis. The team compiles both spatial and non spatial data together within geospatial databases. The differentiation between the Spatial History Project and traditional history research lies in several factors, including the fact that it places a strong emphasis on visualization, a conceptual approach to space, is more collaborative and depends heavily on the use of computers. The website allows you to access the research put out by the Project, as well as look at current projects. Some projects that are currently underway include A Chronology of Suburban Expansion for San Antonio, TexasA Global Atlas of OilFollow the Money, and From Forest to Vineyards: The Changing Landscape in Brazil, among many others. All of these projects begin by examing a central historical issue, and then trace itsdevelopment using geospatial methods. This provides a unique perspective on historical inquiry. The website also allows you to go into the gallery of past projects and immerse yourselg in the research through the use of visals and other forms of media. The research falls within the cross section of the biosphere and lithosphere, lookig both and human interaction and developent with nature as well as the pure enviornmental development over time. In all this website is a useful and intriguing resource for anyone from history buffs to budding physical geographists. 

http://web.stanford.edu/group/spatialhistory/cgi-bin/site/index.php

Interactive MapMaker

Maps are a very useful tool for understanding how geography has played a role in the evolution of the environment. Maps can be very helpful in studying the National Parks of the United States of America.

The Interactive MapMaker is an online platform offered by National Geographic which lets you design, customize and share your own map without having any mapping experience. It allows you to layer your own texts, paths and other media with a variety of pre-designed data layers.  The interactive map also allows you to see the coordinates of any place on Earth and also discover information about countries and territories. The map can be saved and shared with others through email or social media.

All in all, this is a very useful website for people who want to make fully customized maps for instruction or assessment.

http://mapmaker.nationalgeographic.org