By: Roy Gilb
Milan, Italy is one of the most polluted cities in Europe. One radical idea to mitigate this problem is creating the “greenest” building possible. The Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest) looks like something out of a futuristic movie and will easily be the greenest building in Milan upon completion. The architectural masterpiece was designed by Stefan Boeri Architects as part of their BioMilano initiative to convert about 60 abandoned farms around the city into a greenbelt of environmentally-friendly buildings. The Bosco Verticale will have a green façade on every side with dense forest systems planted on each floor. These forests will serve as a microclimate for the building filtering out the polluting dust particles from the city. The fully-functioning and living bio-canopy will also absorb CO2, moderate extreme temperatures, lower noise pollution, and oxygenate the air all without electricity. On top of all those perks, the building will provide (somewhat) natural aesthetic beauty that is so often absent from cityscapes, and lower the living or working costs for the occupants.
Projects such as the Bosco Verticale provide hope for the polluted cities in the world and the green movement, especially if sufficient funding and support is provided. This short article is pertinent to our class discussions of the atmosphere and biosphere. More specifically, the building provides an excellent example of how plants regulate a variety of processes on Earth.