Biodiversity Hotspots

Biodiversity Hotspots are some of the world’s richest areas for plant and animal species as well as some of the world’s most threatened habitats.  In 1988, Norman Myers created this notion of a hotspot, which in turn sparked the search for regions deemed vital in the conservation of biodiversity.  Today, there are 34 identified hotspots scattered across the planet.  Of the entire world’s plant species, 50% are endemic to these few locations.  This is remarkable, because hotspots only take up 2.3% of the terrestrial surface of the planet.  This website, funded by Conservation International, provides not only a drop-down tab that lists all of the hotspots, but it also provides a map showing their locations.  By clicking on a certain hotspot, one can learn about the region’s unique biodiversity, the human impacts, the conservation action and much more.  Information like the number of species gone extinct, the human density in the region and the amount of habitat already lost can also be found.  In the face of a mass extinction and minimal funding, many have turned to hotspots as the best method for biodiversity conservation.Map of Biodiversity HotspotsThis is the map of the world’s hotspots taken from google images.

1 thought on “Biodiversity Hotspots

  1. This is a very interesting site. The locations of the hotspots are as diverse as the species themselves. But I wonder, are there more specific ones within countries like ours? Are these just general areas or do they represent large regions? Either way, the site seems to have a lot of data and a comprehensive review of the various locations. Nice!

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