Helping first graders with addition and subtraction.

I have chosen to focus my instructional resource set on whole number operations, specifically focusing on helping first grade children learn addition and subtraction.  Through the use of my toolkit they will be encouraged to demonstrate their knowledge using a variety of mental computation techniques; apply estimation strategies to quantities, measurements, and computation to determine the reasonableness of results; model, explain, and develop a variety of computational algorithms. Sit back and relax and see what the world of mathematics has to offer your children.

Text Annotations

The Hershey’s Kisses Addition Book by Jerry Pallotta – What better way to introduce simple addition concepts to children than with delicious Hershey?s Kisses? To illustrate math concepts, this book features a cast of miniature clowns struggling under the weight of life-sized Hershey?s Kisses.

The Hershey’s Kisses Subtraction Book by Jerry Pallotta – This book is wonderfully illustrated with vivid colors making the giant Hershey’s Kisses look very realistic. It is a clever way to teach kids basic subtraction (and counting) skills.

Tyrannosaurus Math by Michelle Marke – TYRANNOSAURUS MATH can add an entire herd of triceratops, multiply the legs of a group of ankylosaurs, and estimate the distance to the next tasty meal and he helps children do the same. He’s a number-crunching dinosaur who chews on math problems as easily as he thunders through the trees. When his little sister is in terrible danger, T-Math even saves the day by using his measurable math skills.

Great Estimations by Bruce Goldstone – In its beginning pages it introduces children to the basic idea of making estimations, and then offers increasingly difficult examples to train the eye to remember. Children are encouraged to explore addition and subtraction by using advanced tricks of clump counting and boxing. Finally, the reader is challenged to look for and solve estimation puzzles wherever they go.

Greater Estimations by Bruce Goldstone – Filled with fun, creative examples, this unique companion to “Great Estimations” shows children how to train their eyes and their minds to make estimations about length, volume, area, and more. Full color.

Mathematickles by Betsy Franco – A girl and her cat take readers through the seasons, from fall through summer’s end. Each page is filled with math problems in which the numbers are replaced with words. Whether it’s addition, subtraction, multiplication or division, the connection between the math and language makes for an irresistible combination.

Hooked on math 1st grade Addition and Subtraction Premium Workbook by hooked on phonics – An Addition and Subtraction workbook and flashcard set packed with learning and fun. Inside you'll find colorful pages loaded with activities that were designed to help your children practice adding and subtracting. It is perfect for home or on the go use, keeping them entertained and wanting to learn more.

Web Annotations:

  • Rock Hopper- This game is a fun way for children to add by asking them to add up numerals to get to a desired total. Their aim is to get their frog from the starting rock across the pond to the finishing rock with the final total on it. The frog can only land on it if along the way, by jumping on rocks with specific numbers reach the final sum. If they do not add up correctly they do not get to the next rock.
  • Find a Friend-Click on the titles next to each other to match the target number.  When you think you have matched the target number you click yes.  Continue to do this until all the tiles are gone. If you do not think that you have matched the target number you have the option to scramble the numbers and try again, but you lose five points for ever time you scramble the numbers.
  • How many under the shell? The game allows children to practice their addition and subtraction techniques. After Okta the octopus hides some bubbles under a shell, he then either adds more bubbles or takes some away. Students have to determine how many bubbles are left under the shell. The game provides you with a visual image of the bubbles being placed under the shell emphasizing each step to clarify the methods of addition and subtraction.
  • Lets count-This website provides children with an interactive, colorful set of counting activities for number 0-10. Children are asked to add and take away different pictures in the squares. The pictures include girls, fish, robots, stars, cars and pennies.
  • Ten Frame- The Ten Frame game helps children think about adding numbers using frames of 10. This can be a helpful way to learn basic number facts. There are a total of four games that can be played with this applet help to develop counting and addition skills eg: the Build component allows children to break groups of 10 units in sets of 5 and 1, while the add component allows children to add numbers across two different ten frames and then combine the two, helping them understand the process visually.

Additional Resources

  • Addition fact cards- This website link provides you with printable addition fact cards and instructions on how to make the fact cards. These cards would help teacher's reinforce their children's addition skills as they could be sent home with the children for practice.
  • Card castle addition- This website provides you with an interactive way to incorporate addition into your lesson. The children are presented with a poem encompassing certain addition facts in it and then asked questions like: "Name all the ways you can make 14 using two numbers.
  • Subtraction square dance- This website provides teachers with a fun and interactive subtraction poem to help children grasp the context of subtraction. It is a good way to combine a math concept and poetry as children are asked to write a verse for a poem using their format. Teacher's can also take this poem and ask their students to write down all of the subtraction algorithms they see.
  • Farmer Fred's counting fun- The website provides children with a poem to read that encompasses adding farm animals on a farm. It then asks the children questions about the sum of farm animals once certain numbers of different animals are added. It allows children to have hands on experience with addition word problems.
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