Research Themes


Face and Object Recognition

Other Race Effect



Current Research

Other Race Effect

The Other Race Effect (ORE) represents a limit of category generalization in face recognition. Although researchers agree that OREs emerge as a result of experience, they debate how experience changes the perception of other race faces. Multiple factors and cognitive processes are likely involved, but research in the Beyond Categories lab investigates the transfer of holistic processing between own and other race faces, and the relationship between the ORE in holistic processing and the social quality of other race relationships.

Bukach, C. M., *Cottle, J., *Ubiwa, J., & *Miller, J. (2012). Individuation experience predicts other-race effects in holistic processing for both Caucasian and Black participants. Cognition.  doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2012.02.007

Tanaka, J. W., Kiefer, M., & Bukach, C. M. (2004). A holistic account of the own-race effect in face recognition: Evidence from a cross-cultural study. Cognition, 93, B1-B9.


*Denotes student co-authored publications


See the main RESEARCH page for a complete list of publications.