Chapter 9 & 10

In this chapter, we learn a lot about the Hmong sacrificial traditions as well as how these sacrifices were perceived in the United States when the Hmong people continued to carry out these practices then they migrated to the US. When Lia returns home from foster care, the Lee’s sacrifice a cow as this is a symbol of curing illness by offering the souls of the slaughtered as ransom for fugitive souls. After the animal is sacrificed, it is then used to feed the family that comes to celebrate the sacrifice. The Hmong find that the practice of sacrificing of animals when done in the United States is not always perceived in the best way, further showing the confusing in lack of communication when in one case a rumor spread that the Hmong killed dogs. Also in this chapter, Lia has a bad seizure while at school and contracts an infection which is where the chapter leaves us. Chapter 10 entitled “War” is all about the Quiet War in Laos during World War 2. This was devastating to the Hmong people with villages destroyed and many left dead. The Hmong people were trained by the CIA and promised reward from the Americans which they did not receive. The aftermath of the war also affects their livelihood as the they could no longer farm and had to live off of American food drops in order to survive. Once the war in Vietnam is over, the US troops also leave Laos. The Hmong people were then left to walk over to freedom: Thailand. Overall these two Chapters gave an insight on the resilience of the Hmong people as well as of the Lee’s. This background information gives another dimension  to why the Hmong people like the Lee’s and Nao Kao are so skeptical of the Western doctors.

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