Archive for the 'summermath' Category

Second Grade Fractions

This Instructional Resource Set is designed for a second grade fractions unit.


Dodds, Dayle Ann. (2007)Full House: An Invitation to Fractions Cambridge Massachusetts: Candlewick Press.Illustrated by Abby Carter

Dodds writes a book about the Strawberry Inn, and its' innkeeper who records guests as they arrive as occupying a fraction of the six rooms for let. The rhyming prose and the questions posed to students to guess together make this a fun read. The guests discover a delicious midnight snack to share between the group!


Murphy, Stuart (1998) Jump Kangaroo, Jump! New York: Harper Collins. Illustrated by Kevin O'Malley

Stuart Murphy writes about Kangaroo and his friends at camp. This book is great because it explores the division of a set of objects, or in this case animal campers. Frequently students hear about dividing groups in half or into four groups. A fun classroom activity would be to divide the class, established as a whole, into different size groups. Activities like this are made possible with supporting text from Jump, Kangaroo, Jump! and accomplishes two things: children have a physical experience with fractions with the bonus of setting the stage for developing the earliest notions about division.


Pallotta, Jerry. (2002) Apple Fractions. New York, New York: Scholastic. Illustrated by Rob Bolster

Just as we learn that fractions are part of a whole, Apple Fractions introduces students to many varieties of apples, including the hard workers who help keep them growing: the bees! Learning parts of a whole will be engaging and fun with this book, as apple elves busy themselves slicing and dividing a share-with-friends fruit.


Murphy, Stuart. (1996) Give Me Half! New York: Harper Collins.Illustrated by G. Brian Karas 

This book is a fun way to explore the easiest fraction while lightly touching on not so easy things to do: sharing with siblings! I like this book because the illustrations by G. Brian Karas support the development of mental imagery while students learn how to identify pieces of a whole.


Leedy, Loreen. (1994) Fraction Action! New York, NY: Holiday House.

Loreen Leedy writes and illustrates a story about a classroom learning fractions! With this simple connection, Leedy provide educators with ideas of how to integrate art, food, and common objects into learning about numbers between 0 and 1. It hits the right note with the animal lovers and young artists in your class as well.

1.   An interactive way to look at fractions, using circle, strips, volume, and height comparisons from BBC’s Introduction to Fractions.


2. From the NCTM’s Illuminations site, a fraction concentration game:

3. A game of making Magic One by adding two fractions: FractONE:


4. Online quiz: identifying fractional parts of a set


5. This activity will reinforce parts/whole. Students will enter the numbers in two different text fields. ·  

   6. Tangram fractions are presented to young laboratory assistants in this matching game.· 

7. It’s a Pizza Party, and students must choose from four options which fraction best answers the problem.



 ·      Hillen, Judith. (2000)  Fabulous Fractions. Betty Cordel, Ed. Fresno, California: AIMS Education Foundation 

·      Wiebe, Dr. Arthur. (1998) Actions with Fractions!  Betty Cordel Ed. Fresno, California: AIMS Education Foundation

 · provides many useful reproducibles: 

·      Virginia SOL: This site lists a few activities and resource sites. 

·      Illuminations, from the NCTM. Free lesson plans, activities, and web links. 

 · provides free drills and worksheets. Answer keys are also provided, a timesaving step! Specific to fractions, the link is

 ·      The Math Forum at Drexel has varied resources: 

Early Childhood Shapes

The following resources are great for using with younger children to help them understand shapes.  These books, websites, and resources will help with shape recognition, visual discrimination, as well as matching and sorting shapes.

Books about shapes

Shapes, Shapes, Shapes written and illustrated by Tana Hoban

Each page contains a fantastic photograph of an everyday life setting, however when you look closer each page is full of shapes!  Doors are shaped like rectangles, the supports on phone towers form triangles and tambourines form circles.  Tana Hoban’s book of photographs helps teach children to find shapes in the world around them.

Color Zoo written and illustrated by Lois Ehlert

Each page of Ehlert’s book contains a different zoo animal and each zoo animal is made out of a series of cut-out shapes.  As you turn the pages one shape is removed and a new animal is revealed.  The bright colors and unique designs of the pictures will keep children interested and involved.

The Secret Birthday Message written and illustrated by Eric Carle

When Tim wakes up on the morning of his birthday to find a secret message reading:

“When the [semi-circle] comes up, look for the biggest [star].  Below it you’ll see a[n oval]. Behind that is the [triangle]. Go in. Look up through [zigzags] walk straight ahead to a [rectangle]. Open it.  You will see a [rectangle]. Climb through it.  That’s will you will find your birthday gift!”

Tim has to figure out the clues in order to find his birthday present.

Ship Shapes written by Stella Blackstone, illustrated by Siobhan Bell

This book is about the shapes on the sea.  The illustrations in this book are fantastic.  Every page is quilted,not drawn, giving it a different feel than other shape books.  Better yet, each page is filled with shapes!  It covers the basic shapes: circle, square, triangle and rectangle as well as star, semi circle, diamond, crescent, and oval.

Circus Shapes written by Stuart J. Murphy, illustrated by Edward Miller

This book helps you find shapes within a circus.  It introduces squares, triangles, rectangles and circles.  What makes this book excellent for teaching shapes it that it goes beyond the standard square, triangle, rectangle, and circle.  On the pages where shapes are introduced, the bottom left page depicts examples of that shape in various sizes and rotations.

Resources for Children

Resources for Parents and Teachers

First Grade- Skip Count to 100, Count Backwards from 30

Once students have mastered the 5 rational counting skills (stable ordering, one-to-one correspondence, cardinality, order irrelevance and abstraction) they are ready to move on to counting on, counting back and skip counting.  Developing strategies to master counting lays the foundation for addition, subtraction and multiplication later.  First grade students are expected to learn to count by 2's, 5's and 10's to 100 and backwards by 1's from 30 according to Virginia's current Standards of Learning.


onehundred.jpg The M&M's Count to One Hundred Book  by Barbara Barbieri McGrath

  • Counts to one hundred by ones, twos, fives and tens.
  • Uses colorful images, rhymes and something the children can relate to, candy.

turtlesplash.jpg Turtle Splash! Countdown at the Pond   by Cathryn Falwell

  • Counts down from 10 by ones.
  • Uses colorful images and great adjectives.  This book also gives information about turtles that some children (and adults) may not know. This helps hold their attention. The details about different animals around the pond keep the children interested, as well as the curiosity of what is going to come along next to make a turtle disappear into the water.

from-one-to-one-hundred.jpg From One to One Hundred  by Teri Sloat

  • Begins by counting by ones (from 1 to 10) and then counts by tens to 100.
  • Each page is filled with many pictures in sets. Children can count the pictures and/or the sets on many pages.
  • This book is filled with energy packed pictures. The photos are not boring pictures of one object all over the page to count. There are picture of action packed events to count. This is a great way to hold students attention and have them look for the variety of things to count.
  • Each page also displays the numeral and its corresponding written numeral.

emilysfirst100.jpgEmily's First 100 Days of School by Rosemary Wells

  • Lengthy book (probably too long for one sitting for most 1st graders)
  • However, it has great activity ideas which would mark a great stopping point.
  • Cute, realistic imagery of the first 100 days of school. Seems to cover many things that actually occur during that time frame. Gives students exciting pictures and ideas that relate to numbers and school. Things that as a young student may make them want to come to school to see that 100th day.

516cfa0zyrl_sl500_aa300_.jpgReese's Pieces Count By Fives   by Jerry Pallotta

  • Counting by 5's to 100.  Another book that goes straight for what we know kids love€¦food€¦ candy!  This is a very creative way to focus students on counting.
  • Shows children they can learn/count their food and just eat it.

one-watermelon-seed.jpgOne Watermelon Seed by Celia Barker Lottridge

  • Brightly colored book about planting seeds in a garden. Great to be tied to a science lesson.  Counts from 1 to ten by one's mentioning "and they grew" to demonstrate the number gets larger and the amount of items in the garden gets larger.
  • As the garden grows faster, items are counted by 10's.  This shows students that it is faster to count by larger sets of numbers.  If we continued counting the fast growing garden by one's, we would not be able to keep up with the fast growing.

Websites for Kids

Counting Game with options- (once here, click on counting game)

  • This takes a few minutes of prep work on the part of the teacher. However, once you set up the dynamics of the game the way you wish, you can reset the link to the exact game you have chosen.  As the teacher, you get to choose the options with this game.  You choose the name of the game, objects to appear in the window for the student to count, how many objects they should count (lowest to highest numbers) and the number of problems each game should have. This allows you to have control over the average length of time each student should take to play.  This game will also provide you with the "average" or score at the top (above the game screen) at the end of each game. This could be used to assess how a student is doing on counting sets of objects for this particular game.
  • Example of Game– Here I have set an example for Open Wide.
  • I only set it to 10 counting problems so give it a try.  Just a warning, it does have sound.

Count Down-Dot-to-Dot

  • Connecting the dots to make a picture is great but, this game adds the dimension of having to count backwards from 20 to connect the dots. It also has the voice of children who will count aloud as you touch the correct dot. It will not allow you to make an error or make any noise when you touch a dot out of order.

Counting by 1's, 2's or 5's, etc-

  • This site allows you to choose what type of counting activity you would like to do, how to count (by 1's, 2's, 5's, etc.) and how high you should count.  You should be able to count a variety of items such as robots, girls, stars and fish.  This site seems to be adding new material so check back for new games in other areas as well.

Number Order Game

  • This game gives students two of three numbers and they have to fill in the missing number. The first round makes it seem rather simple with the missing number being the third one. However, the difficulty level picks up as the levels move on. This is a great game to challenge students who are excelling at the current level.

Counting Game

  • The counting games from learning planet allow you to choose which number to count by. The instructions may be a bit difficult for a first grader, so it is something that the teacher should give instructions on first. I would recommend that each student practice this game counting by 2's, 5's and 10's.  The barrel counting game will give them the practice counting by 1's.

Coloring Numbers online to show number patterns on the 100's chart will also show color patterns.

  • These are also printable for students after they complete their work. You can assign certain colors for counting by 2's, 5's, or 10's.  Students can correct mistakes if they are made. It is important to let students know this in advance. Demonstrating this game is a good idea prior to sending students to practice skip counting on it.

Additional Resources
Introduction to counting to 100-

  • A fun interactive, number sense lesson plan that involves having student's assist in numbering footprints that have been cut out. Then having them try to figure out how to place their selves in correct numerical order. The fun would then be placing the footsteps around the room and walking on them while saying the numbers.  (Suggestion would be to laminate the footprints and have student's write their numbers in permanent marker.)

100 Days of Cool Lesson Plan-

  • A plan that works with a number line in helping students with associating the numbers with the story. This makes the lesson more fun for the students and keeps them involved. The idea of changing the word "school" for "cool" or "pool" in the title also seems to make it more fun. This will allow the students to feel part of the story making.
  • The number line to print for this lesson is right in the lesson. All you have to do is click on it.

Number Cards-

  • From here you would click on Number Cards and then click on the 5 links of 5 pages each to create your own Number Flash Cards. These cards are not over visually stimulating (which is an issue for some students).  They have a large number on them with a picture of the corresponding number of small apples at the bottom.  This gives students a visual representation of each number as well.

Group It Lesson Plan-

  • This lesson offers a variety of creative ways to teach students how to skip count (2's, 5's and 10's).  The more visually stimulating it is and the more involved the students are, the more they tend to remember the lesson.  This is one they will likely remember.

Don't Lose Your Marbles- Counting By 5's  Lesson Plan-

  • When learning to count in groups, having concrete objects to count helps.  This lesson offers just that. Yet, it takes it a step further by adding grouping marbles by color after you search for them in sand.  Sure, this sounds messy but kids love mess and it will be a lesson they remember. As a teacher, that is what we want!

Helping first graders with addition and subtraction.

I have chosen to focus my instructional resource set on whole number operations, specifically focusing on helping first grade children learn addition and subtraction.  Through the use of my toolkit they will be encouraged to demonstrate their knowledge using a variety of mental computation techniques; apply estimation strategies to quantities, measurements, and computation to determine the reasonableness of results; model, explain, and develop a variety of computational algorithms. Sit back and relax and see what the world of mathematics has to offer your children.

Text Annotations

The Hershey’s Kisses Addition Book by Jerry Pallotta – What better way to introduce simple addition concepts to children than with delicious Hershey?s Kisses? To illustrate math concepts, this book features a cast of miniature clowns struggling under the weight of life-sized Hershey?s Kisses.

The Hershey’s Kisses Subtraction Book by Jerry Pallotta – This book is wonderfully illustrated with vivid colors making the giant Hershey’s Kisses look very realistic. It is a clever way to teach kids basic subtraction (and counting) skills.

Tyrannosaurus Math by Michelle Marke – TYRANNOSAURUS MATH can add an entire herd of triceratops, multiply the legs of a group of ankylosaurs, and estimate the distance to the next tasty meal and he helps children do the same. He’s a number-crunching dinosaur who chews on math problems as easily as he thunders through the trees. When his little sister is in terrible danger, T-Math even saves the day by using his measurable math skills.

Great Estimations by Bruce Goldstone – In its beginning pages it introduces children to the basic idea of making estimations, and then offers increasingly difficult examples to train the eye to remember. Children are encouraged to explore addition and subtraction by using advanced tricks of clump counting and boxing. Finally, the reader is challenged to look for and solve estimation puzzles wherever they go.

Greater Estimations by Bruce Goldstone – Filled with fun, creative examples, this unique companion to “Great Estimations” shows children how to train their eyes and their minds to make estimations about length, volume, area, and more. Full color.

Mathematickles by Betsy Franco – A girl and her cat take readers through the seasons, from fall through summer’s end. Each page is filled with math problems in which the numbers are replaced with words. Whether it’s addition, subtraction, multiplication or division, the connection between the math and language makes for an irresistible combination.

Hooked on math 1st grade Addition and Subtraction Premium Workbook by hooked on phonics – An Addition and Subtraction workbook and flashcard set packed with learning and fun. Inside you'll find colorful pages loaded with activities that were designed to help your children practice adding and subtracting. It is perfect for home or on the go use, keeping them entertained and wanting to learn more.

Web Annotations:

  • Rock Hopper- This game is a fun way for children to add by asking them to add up numerals to get to a desired total. Their aim is to get their frog from the starting rock across the pond to the finishing rock with the final total on it. The frog can only land on it if along the way, by jumping on rocks with specific numbers reach the final sum. If they do not add up correctly they do not get to the next rock.
  • Find a Friend-Click on the titles next to each other to match the target number.  When you think you have matched the target number you click yes.  Continue to do this until all the tiles are gone. If you do not think that you have matched the target number you have the option to scramble the numbers and try again, but you lose five points for ever time you scramble the numbers.
  • How many under the shell? The game allows children to practice their addition and subtraction techniques. After Okta the octopus hides some bubbles under a shell, he then either adds more bubbles or takes some away. Students have to determine how many bubbles are left under the shell. The game provides you with a visual image of the bubbles being placed under the shell emphasizing each step to clarify the methods of addition and subtraction.
  • Lets count-This website provides children with an interactive, colorful set of counting activities for number 0-10. Children are asked to add and take away different pictures in the squares. The pictures include girls, fish, robots, stars, cars and pennies.
  • Ten Frame- The Ten Frame game helps children think about adding numbers using frames of 10. This can be a helpful way to learn basic number facts. There are a total of four games that can be played with this applet help to develop counting and addition skills eg: the Build component allows children to break groups of 10 units in sets of 5 and 1, while the add component allows children to add numbers across two different ten frames and then combine the two, helping them understand the process visually.

Additional Resources

  • Addition fact cards- This website link provides you with printable addition fact cards and instructions on how to make the fact cards. These cards would help teacher's reinforce their children's addition skills as they could be sent home with the children for practice.
  • Card castle addition- This website provides you with an interactive way to incorporate addition into your lesson. The children are presented with a poem encompassing certain addition facts in it and then asked questions like: "Name all the ways you can make 14 using two numbers.
  • Subtraction square dance- This website provides teachers with a fun and interactive subtraction poem to help children grasp the context of subtraction. It is a good way to combine a math concept and poetry as children are asked to write a verse for a poem using their format. Teacher's can also take this poem and ask their students to write down all of the subtraction algorithms they see.
  • Farmer Fred's counting fun- The website provides children with a poem to read that encompasses adding farm animals on a farm. It then asks the children questions about the sum of farm animals once certain numbers of different animals are added. It allows children to have hands on experience with addition word problems.

Addition and Subtraction in 1st Grade

Addition and Subtraction are to very basic computation skills children will use everyday for the rest of their lives. Laying a good foundation is crucial to building on for more complex math skills down the line. These resources pertain to VA SOL 1.5: The student will recall basic addition facts with sums to 18 and the corresponding subtraction facts. Included are books, online activities, and additional teacher resources to use in teaching and guiding practice of these addition and subtraction facts.


Twelve Ways To Get To 11
by Eve Merriam, illustrated by Bernie Karlin

12 Ways To Get To 11

When counting to twelve we discover 11 is missing! Throughout the rest of the book we explore ways to make 11 with various objects in various settings from acorns to sailboats and  babies to chicks. We find a wide array of number combinations and just how many ways to can make up another number.
What’s New at the Zoo
by Suzanne Slade, illustrated by John Waites

What's New at the Zoo

Through and adventure through the zoo, we add and count all the animals. This book covers basic addition skills, uses rhyming and lyrical text, and has wonderful watercolor illustrations to boot. The back section also gives notes for educators and lesson ideas.

Domino Addition
by Lynette Long

Domino Addition

Page by page we walk through the dominoes, adding them up to twelve, introducing this tool that can be used in many addition and subtraction activities. The visual images are great in this book,  allowing all the children to clearly and vividly see the facts you are illustrating. Fact families are also introduced. This book is a great lead in to a variety of activities and will keep students engaged.

Alexander Who Used to Be Rich Last Sunday
by Judith Viorst, illustrated by Ray Cruz

Alexander Who Used to Be Rich Last Sunday

Following Alex through the week, seeing how he spends all his money, we see subtraction principles in action. Money is also introduced. Alex is relatable and kids will really enjoy following him throughout this series of books covering various educational topics.  While teaching subtraction use this book, just omit the decimals, as they may still be too advanced.
Panda Math: Learning about Subtraction from Hua Mei and Mei Sheng
by  Ann Whitehead Nagda in collaboration with the San Diego ZooPanda Math

Through awesome pictures of the panda cubs, we explore subtraction in real life math situations. Interesting facts are used to illustrate subtraction problems, such as how much weight Hua Mei gained in three months or how much less time they eat bamboo compared to the wild. A fascinating subject and great way to relate math to kids.

Web Resources

 Number Eaters

This game is like a pac man game, you move your character to sums of a  number. For example the prompt €˜Sums of 2' would mean you could move to spaces named €˜1+1' or €˜2+0'. It puts a time pressure on student like pac man when the other villain is coming to eat your character. You have to move fast, starting with simple sums, moving to harder sums. This game comes in addition,  and subtraction as well as other functions.

Froggy Addition Game

This game covers basic addition facts, quizzing students on number sentences, giving three choices for answers to click on. It tell the right answer if you got it wrong and congratulates when correct. It also keeps score.

Balloon Pop Subtraction

This game uses popping balloons to quiz basic subtraction facts. The number sentence is at the top and three choices for the answer are at the bottom. You can figure out what the answer is by popping the same balloons for the number being subtracted.  Great for students starting out with subtraction.

Math Addition and Subtraction Game

This game is marked K, but it can be great for 1st grade as well. It is a timed game  that presents the number sentences and multiple choice answers in words and numerals randomly. It also shows the amount of apples in two rows on for each number being added or subtracted.

Alien Addition

This game shows a number sentence at the top and you have to click the space ship with the correct answer before they fly away! It uses a timed element to make more of a challenge. Student really have to know their facts!

Additional Resources:

Cookie Cutter Addition:  This lesson uses play dough and cookie cutters to create shapes inorder to illustrate number sentences. Children can also have practice formin numbers using play dough.

Teaching Addition:  This lesson helps the connection of addition to our everday lives.  Students will add objects together as well as come up with 3 ideas as to why addition is important for us to know.

Teaching subtraction with base 10 blocks:  This lesson uses a valuable manipulative in teaching subtraction: Base-10 Blocks. They can help show visually place value and regrouping in subtraction problems.

Instructional Resource Set-Kindergarten, Counting

Counting can be and should be a fun topic for children to learn.  This blog will offer resources for children and teachers covering the areas of counting, number sense, and number recognition for Kindergartners. There are helpful websites, books, and activities to help students count the number of objects in a given set, write numerals, and match a written numeral with a given set of objects (VA SOL K.2)


  1. Counting Crocodilescounting-crocodiles.jpgThis is a cute little book that shows a monkey who counts his way across a sea full of crocodiles.  There is a rhyme which makes it fun, and all the crocodiles are doing something interesting like building with blocks or having pink mohawks.  This book counts from 1-10 and back again from 10-1. Written by Judy Sierra and illustrated by Will Heillenbrand.
  2. Ten Terrible Dinosaursten-terrible-dinosaurs.jpgThis book also offers a rhyming text as it counts down from 10 silly dinosaurs stomping and romping around, until there is only one dinosaur left. Written and illustrated by Paul Stickland.
  3. 1,2,3 to the Zoomud_large_12_book.jpgThis book starts off with animals that are all on train cars going to the zoo.  Each page, the reader counts the number of animals on the train car and they can also match the number they count with the written numeral as well.  At the end, all of the animals end up at the zoo where the reader can count each group of animals all over again. Written and illustrated by Eric Carle.
  4. Anno’s Counting Bookanno.jpgThis book starts off with an empty field in which the author adds characters and objects on each page.  As you read along, the seasons and months change as well.  The reader can count the objects and people on any given page. Written and illustrated by Mitsumasa Anno.
  5. Let’s Count9780688160081.jpg A counting book that has very nice photographs to displays a number of items with one chicken,2 ice cream cones and so on.  This books counts to 12 by ones, and then counts by 5’s and 10’s to 100.  Written and illustrated by Tana Hoban.

Websites for Kids

  1. Counting on a Cloud– This is a fun online game for children to practice counting.  There are two different versions: one is easy and one is hard.  This game uses pictures, numbers, and sounds to help teach how to count.
  2. Fishy Count–  This is an online game where you are to count the number of fish on the screen.  Then you click the shell at the bottom with the matching written number.
  3. Ant Parade– This online game has ants marching in a parade.  You click (or blow) on the whistle and the ants stop moving.  You count the number of ants to match the number on the flag.
  4. Color by Number Penguin-This is a printable penguin worksheet.  You color by number.  This page helps with numeral recognition as well as color recognition.
  5. Counting With Artt– This online game consists of Artt, an artist, who draws pictures on the screen.  Count the number of objects drawn and then click on the appropriate matching numeral at the bottom on the screen.

Additional Resources
Math Glossary– This is a simple Math glossary for teacher’s to use with their students.
Mrs. Meacham’s Classroom– This website overs a wealth of ideas for simple center math games all dealing with counting.
Printable Flashcards– This website offers printable flashcards for teachers for their classroom.

Cha-Ching! Teaching Money to 3rd grade students

The resources listed below are great to use in a 3rd grade classroom for a unit on money.  You will find appropriate children’s literature related to money, websites for kids to practice their money skills, and websites for teachers and parents to supplement teaching about money.

Recommended children’s books:

Alexander, Who Used to be Rich Last Sunday by Judith Viorst, Illustrated by Ray Cruz

Alexander, Who Used to be Rich Last Sunday

Alexander returns from the popular Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day to teach a lesson on spending money.  Alexander is given a dollar by his grandparents and the story chronicles Alexander as he spends this money on various items, and then as he tries to earn some of his money back in the end.  Students can keep track of how much money Alexander is spending throughout the book to help reinforce money skills.

Pigs Will Be Pigs: Fun with Math and Money by Amy Axelrod, Illustrated by Sharon McGinley-Nally

Pigs Will Be Pigs

In this story, the hungry Pig family learns about money and buying power as they turn the house upside down hunting for money to buy dinner at their favorite restaurant, the Enchanted Enchilada. They find coins in closets and drawers, under the carpet, even in the washing machine, and combine their money in the end to go out to eat.  Students can calculate how much money the pigs find and  spend in the book to practice adding and subtracting money.

If You made A Million by David M. Schwartz, Illustrated by Steven Kellogg

If You Made A Million

In this follow up to How Much Is A Million?, students follow Marvelosissimo the Mathematical Magician and his team of kids as they earn money for various jobs.  This book shows realistic pictures of dollars and cents and reinforces the concept of money equivalencies.  It also touches on the concepts of savings and interest in a fun and exciting way, through funny and interesting illustrations.

You Can’t Buy a Dinosaur with a Dime by Harriet Ziefert, Illustrated by Amanda Haley

You Can't Buy a Dinosaur with a Dime

This rhyming book full of colorful illustrations tells the story of Pete as he spends his money on a toy dinosaur, works to save more money, and strategizes about his future purchases.  Students can count the coins in Pete’s bank to figure out how much money he has, and look at the tags at the store to figure out what he can afford to buy and if he will get any change.   At the end of the story, there is a bonus section entitled “Money Fun” that offers additional suggestions for class activities with money and spending as well as interesting facts about money and its history.

The Penny Pot by Stuart J. Murphy, Illustrated by Lynne Cravath

The Penny Pot

This story tells the tale of Jessie, a little girl who wants nothing more than to get her face painted at the school fair.  However, when she falls short of  the 50 cent price, she must wait as children contribute to the “penny pot” in hopes of accumulating the missing cents.  Using authentic-looking coins and bright illustrations, this story does a great job of teaching basic money values and the importance of saving pennies.  It also includes some helpful tips for parents and teachers at the end to extend the concepts of money from the story.

Websites for students:

CA$H OUT – This site is a wonderful way to give students practice with making change.  The site is designed so students can make it easier or harder depending on their level of comfort with this concept.

Count the Money – This site by the National Library of Virtual Manipulatives allows students to practice counting various denominations of bills and coins to find the total amount.

PBS 3rd Grade Money Game – Students must determine the correct combination of pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and  dollars necessary to purchase food items in this interactive game.

Houghton-Mifflin Extra Practice – Here under “Chapter 3: Money” there are several links to games that correspond with money lessons.  Students can practice a variety of concepts involving money, including making change, greater than or less than, and rounding to the nearest dollar.

Math Matching – This site by Harcourt School Publishers is a matching game where students must match dollar amounts to equivalent combinations of coins.

Additional Resources for Teachers and Parents:

The United States Mint – This site contains a wide range of resources, from lesson plans to class activities and games for students.  It also contains great up-to-date printables and information on the most recent US coins.

Mathwire: Money Activities and Strategies – This is a wonderful website with numerous ideas for teaching money concepts including strategies for teaching money, connections to children’s literature, and games and activities for use in the classroom.

Math Worksheet Wizard: Third Grade Money – This website includes an easy worksheet generator for money concepts that creates worksheets which use practical, real-world examples such as shopping for food and buying stamps to help students practice their money skills.

Kindergarten Counting

The following links are resources that will be helpful in teaching Kindergarten counting. Use these resources when planning lessons and activities for VA SOL K.2: The student, given a set containing 15 or fewer concrete objects, will a) tell how many are in the set by counting orally; b)write the numeral to tell how many are in the set; and c)select the corresponding numeral from a given set of numerals.

Rainbow Fish 1, 2, 3: by Marcus Pfister.

 In this book, young children’s favorite fish teaches them about the numbers one to ten. The illustrations are bright and colorful and boldly highlight each numeral. This interactive book is a great introduction to counting.

One Monkey Too Many: by Jackie French Koller and Lynn Munsinger

This silly monkey counting book is written in rhyme and has funny and exciting illustrations. Children read and count as the mischevious monkeys create chaos on every page.

The Twelve Days of Kindergarten: A Counting Book: by Deborah Lee Rose and Carey Armstrong-Ellis

This book is set to the familiar tune of “The Twelve Days of Christmas”. It uses a cumulative counting verse to illustrate the excitement of the kindergarten experience. There are objects to count on every page and children will enjoy the silliness in all of the illustrations.

Mouse Count: by Ellen Stohl-Walsh

Mouse Count is a counting game story about ten little mice trying to escape the jaws of a slithery snake. Readers count forwards and backwards to ten in this lively, dramatic book.

The Baker’s Dozen: A Counting Book: by Dan Anderson

This counting book uses rhyme and mouth-watering illustrations to captivate the reader and make counting fun and tasty with a two-line verse for each number from one to twelve. It is about a jolly baker who bakes all morning and then opens the doors to his 13 ( a baker’s dozen) eager customers.

Web Annotations:
Number Train In this game, students have to put the boxcars in order from 1-10 and while they are choosing a number, objects pop up for them to count. This reinforces one-to-one correspondence.
Count Your Chickens Students have to count the number of objects and then click on the corresponding numeral. If they choose and incorrect number, each object is highlighted so they can count along and find the correct answer.
Count To 10 reinforces one-to-one correspondence by instructing students to click on a box and then click the matching number of objects or numeral.
Count Us In is a game that has two levels; easy and hard. In the hard level, the student counts the objects and enters both the number and number word. In the easy level, the student counts the objects and enters the number.
Tracy’s Matching Game features a character from PBS. It is a memory type game where the students have to click on the cards to match the picture to the number.

Additional Resources:
Kelly’s Kindergarten provides a variety of games to make for students that reinforce numbers, counting and one to one correspondence.
Mrs. Jones is chock full of links to everything math-online activities, math songs, stories, math dictionaries, virtual manipulatives and much more.
Hubbard’s Cupboard is a great site for file folder games, box it bag it games and math tubs.

Teaching First Grade Math: Addition and Subtraction

The following information includes resources that will be helpful when teaching basic addition and subtraction facts.   The information covers the Virginia Standards of Learning  for math 1.5.  With the help of these resources, students will develop strategies helpful for fact recall, develop an understanding of the addition and subtraction relationship, and develop fluency with basic number combinations for addition and subtraction.  These books and websites should be used in combination with instructional activities and assessments.

Recommended books:


12 Ways to Get to 11 written by Eve Merriam and illustrated by Bernie Karlin

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 __ 12 What happened to 11?

Is it in the magician’s hat? Maybe it’s in the mailbox or hiding in the jack-o’-lantern? Don’t forget to look in the barnyard where the hen awaits the arrival of her new little chicks. Could that be where eleven went?

Eve Merriam and Bernie Karlin take young readers on a counting adventure as they demonstrate twelve witty and imaginative ways to get to eleven.


Elevator Magic written by Stuart J. Murphy and illustrated by G. Brian Karas

When the elevator goes down, the subtraction starts and so does the magic. Ben sees crazy things every time the door opens. Ride along as he subtracts his way down to the lobby, and decide for yourself if it's elevator magic.


Math for All Seasons written by Gregory Tang and illustrated by Harry Briggs

Your challenge is to find the sum without counting one by one. Why not count? It’s much too slow –Adding is the way to go! Make clever groups before you start –Then add them in a way that’s smart! MATH FOR ALL SEASONS will challenge every kid — and every parent — to open their minds and solve problems in new and unexpected ways. By looking for patterns, symmetries, and familiar number combinations within eye-catching pictures, math will become easier, quicker, and more fun than anyone could have imagined!


The Hershey’s Kisses Addition Book  written by Jerry Pallotta and illustrated by Rob Bolster

What better way to introduce simple addition concepts than with delicious Hershey¹s Kisses? To illustrate math concepts, this book features a cast of miniature clowns struggling under the weight of life-sized Hersheys Kisses.


The Action of Subtraction written by Brian P. Cleary and illustrated by Brian Gable

The author has used the format of his popular Words Are CATegorical books (Millbrook) to look at mathematical functions. Subtraction is explained in rhyming text and simple, silly cartoons with excellent examples that range from angry bulldogs, hornets, and bowling pins to pieces of birthday cake, sports time-outs, and stuffed animals. The text is actually a rap that would be fun for students to memorize and perform. The illustrations are colorful and attractive, and an explanation of the equals sign is included. Despite a bit of filler at the end, this book has value in the mathematic section of libraries and will find a place in classrooms with teachers who want to appeal to a variety of learning styles.

Web annotations:

The Little Animals Activity Center: Offers adding and subtracting at 3 levels.

QUIA: Addition facts to 18 :  Choose flashcards, matching, concentration or word search to practice these facts.

Princess Math: Choose your operation ( + , – , x , / ). Pick a Tiara and a Gown. Make sure the numbers for each fit the equation on the upper right. Each level adds new tiaras and gowns. Pass all ten levels and enter your score. You win 3 minutes to dress up the princess any way you like!

Cross the swamp: choose add/subtract or mult/divide and # level to help the monkey cross the swamp.

Fact Families: click and drag the given numbers to create fact families.

Additional resources:
  Cookie Cutter Addition : This lesson plan uses play dough and cookie cutters to teach math.

Let's Learn Those Facts:
In this lesson, students display their knowledge of properties of objects for sorting and creating patterns. They also demonstrate an understanding of the commutative property and model addition and subtraction of whole numbers using different representations

Teaching Addition:   Lesson on Addition for a first grade classroom.  At the end of this lesson the students should be able to add different objects together to find out how many objects there are total
The students should be able to explain up to 3 different reasons that being able to add is important.  The lesson uses manipulatives and explains different ways we can use addition in our everyday lives.

Teaching subtraction with base 10 blocks:
Base 10 blocks can make abstract ideas like place value and regrouping visible and tangible for your primary school students when the time comes to teach subtraction.

Third Grade Math: Collecting Data and Graphing

Ever been in a rush but nonetheless wanted/needed to catch up on the news? What did you do? Skim the highlights section above the articles of course! And would you prefer to read through 20 pages of facts or glance at one graph that contains all of the facts?

Being able to gather, organize, read and interpret data in a variety of graphs is an important skill elementary students must acquire. Below are great books, websites and additional resources for developing and enhancing this skill.

Five Great Books on Graphing are:

1) Learning to Graph From a Baby Tiger
Written by:  Ann Whitehead Nagda and Cindy Bickel


This book follows an orphaned Siberian Tiger cub being raised in the Denver Zoo. There are color photos of the Tiger showing his changing moods and development sure to grab students' attention. The book illustrates and explains pie, line, picture and bar graphs. It allows students to utilize graphs for "everyday life" situations. Students will also learn when the use of each type of graph is appropriate.

2) Lemonade for Sale                                                                                                                                      
Written by: Stuart J. Murphy; Illustrated by: Tricia Tusa

Most every student will be able to relate to this book. It is about children keeping track of their lemonade sales using bar graphs. It is a creative story with funny illustrations. It not only involves graphing but also counting money and marketing. This book also allows students to apply their math skills to real life problems.    

3) Graphs                                                                                                                                                                                                    Written Written by: Bonnie Bader; Illustrated by: Mernie Gallagher Cole

This story is about a boy who tries to get out of going to a family reunion by saying he has math homework. Lucky for him, his mother suggests he take his homework with him! While at the reunion he collects data from various family members. By the end of the day he's finished his graphing homework. This book clearly demonstrates the information-gathering process as well as graph-making methods.

4) Graphing Activities                                                                                                                                                                              Written by: Joy Evans and Jo Ellen Moore


This activity book is a great resource for teachers.  It includes easy-to-follow instructions and reproducible patterns, blank graphs and questions. It's important for students to practice making graphs on top of interpreting and answering questions from pre-made graphs.

5) Great Graphs, Charts and Tables that Build Real-Life Math Skills                                           
Written by: Kiernan


This activity book gives students the extra practice they need interpreting and reading graphs. It uses real-world data and skill-building questions. It also includes great extension ideas. This book is great for getting students ready for standardized tests.  

Five Handy Websites on Graphing are:

1) Kids' Zone allows students to create graphs. Students can choose the type of graph and whether it's horizontal or vertical. They can label the x and y axis, title the graph and adjust values. Students can save and print their graphs.

2) Mental Math Grapher allows students to create graphs. This site is more simplistic. Students can label the x axis and title. They can adjust values and print their finished graph.

3) PBS Kids Go! Cyberchase  has games, lessons, activities and t.v. shows. The Raising the Bar section has an episode that explains why the scale of a graph affects how the graph is interpreted. It also has a graphing game and material that can be printed.

4) Aunty Math has math challenges for grades K-5. There are a variety of subjects including data collection and graphing.

5) Figure This! is a math challenge websites for families. It has a few problems regarding collecting data and graphs. It also has many more challenges in different areas of math.

Additional Helpful Resources:

  • Math Glossary provides students with definitions of important math terms. Some definitions are even interactive for better understanding.
  • Elementary School Math Resources by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics is a comprehensive site for teachers and parents. There are activities, lesson ideas, teaching strategies, articles and much more.
  • Hotchalk Lesson Plans Page provides teachers with free lesson plans, worksheets, discussion boards and a newsletter.
  • O'Block Books is a "one stop shop" for early childhood teaching supplies and materials.