Author Archive for Kathleen C

Hibernation

Introduction

The common meaning of the word hibernate is the state that an animal sleeps for the entire winter, to protect themselves and help themselves survive when the temperatures are cold and food is hard to find.  There are several forms of hibernation and examples of animals that hibernate are bears, frogs, and groundhogs.  The concept on hibernation is covered in SOL 1.7, 2.5, 2.7, and 3.4.

Animals Hibernating:  How Animals Survive Extreme Conditions, by Pamel Hickman

This fun and informational book defines the two groups of hibernators:  true hibernators and deep sleeper. The true hibernators save energy during winter by greatly lowering their body temperature and breathing and heart rates (chipmunks) Some true hibernators include such as insects, toads, snakes, whose bodies partly freeze and then thaw again in the spring.  The deep sleepers such skunks and raccoons, go into a deep sleep for several weeks or months during winter-their breathing and heard rate drops but their body temperature lowers only slightly. In addition, this book provides activities to find out how our heart rate compares to bats and why maple syrup is like a hibernating frog.

What Do Animals Do in the Winter? How Animals Survive the Cold, By Melvin and Gilda Berger

This child’s book describes how groundhogs hibernate in the winter by sleeping for six months in nests found inside tunnels.  Also, this book describes how bats hibernate in caves by hanging upside down.

Extreme Animals:  The Toughest Creatures on Earth, by Nicola Davies

This book on page 19 describes the hummingbird as a “truly tough” creature on Earth because it lets their body temperature drop 35 to 55 degree F below normal.  The hummingbird does this every night to save on food.  Also, bats are “truly tough” too, because live off their own body fat until spring – so bats hibernate and let their bodies get really cold.  In addition on page 20, there is a description of the “frogsicles”- instead of hibernating the wood frogs  freeze and become brittle as glass, but they are not dead.

Every Autumn Comes the Bear, by Jim Arnosky

This colorful children’s book describes how a bear comes every autumn and prepares to hibernate for the winter, the other animals know what to expect from the bear.

Bear on the Train, by Julie Lawson

This book tell the story of a bear up jumps on a train car, eats grain, and falls a sleep during the snow the wind, and the rain.  A boy named Jeffrey sees the bear come into the small town and shouts at him to get off the train.  Jeffrey sees the bear for several months during the winter and the bear remains asleep.  It is not until the spring that the bear smells something different, open his eyes, and gets off the train.

Children website on hibernation.

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/coloring/hibernate.shtml  This kids website give a definition of true hibernation and gives examples of animals that hibernate and a description of each.

http://www.saskschools.ca/~gregory/winter/win.thml This kids website defines torpor shortened sleep time and provides five examples of animals that sleep and eat to survive in the winter.

http://www.apples4teachers.com/java/concentration/games/animals-that-hibernate  This childrens website provides a memory games that after pairs of hibernating animals are matched, a picture of an animal that hibernates will appear.

http://www.bbc.co/uk/bristol/content/kids/nature/hibernation.shtml

This website provides a story about “sleeping through a dark cold winter” and talks about “true hibernation.  The websites talks about animals about such as dormouse, hedgehogs, pet tortoise, frog and newts.

http://library.think.quest.org/TQO312800/team.htm

This website provides a detailed kids friendly description of hibernation, with links to the animals that hibernate.  Also, this website provides additional links regarding the subject of hibernation.

Resources for teachers.

http://www.mrsjonesroom.com/themes/hibernation  Excellent resource for teacher and includes links to website on activities regarding hibernation.  Website shares easy songs, poems, and provides links to fun and educational websites for kids.

http://www.atozkidstuff.com/hibernation This website provides fun finger plays, songs, and activities to do with children, including an idea for a hibernation celebration.  Also, a link to the Booklet – Hibernation theme folder for Grade 1.

http://eibelviazquez.fastpage.name/hibernationlessonplansworksheets  This teacher resource provides a lot of information and in a link to books and activities on hibernation.

http://stepbystepcc.com/hibernation.html  This website provides hibernation theme ideas including books, songs, finger play, art and crafts.

http://www.proteacher.com This website discusses “How do animals spend the winter?” Website goes detailed information regarding on hibernation and “How do animals know it is time to hibernate” and a corresponding project to with the class.

George Washington

Introduction:

This topic introduces second and third graders to George Washington the First President of the United States.  Through a variety of children books student learn about the life of George Washington from childhood, to commander of the military, to President.  The material encourages them to learn more about the revolution and the Father of Our Country (VS.6a).

Text Annotations:

A Picture Book of George Washington, by David A. Adler

The picture book life of George Washington.  George Washington was called “Father on Our Country.” “First in War, first in the hearts of his country men.”   George liked to fish and go boating, and his favorite subject was arithmetic.  At the age of 11, George Washington’s father died and he helped his mother run their farm and watch his younger sister and brothers.  George liked surveying and at the age of 16 he was given a job surveying land of the Virginia wilderness.  George joined the Virginia army at the age of 21.

American Heroes George Washington Our First President, Sneed B. Collard, III

George Washington the hero.  George Washington was known for three gifts:  he knew how how to lead, he learned from his mistakes, he had common sense.  George Washington made the revolution succeed.  He only had a few years of basic schooling.  George Washington became the first president and made the important decision of serving only two terms as president (8 years).  Slavery was an importance issue during his presidency.  George did come up with a way to free his own slaves; his will stated that after his death his slaves would be free.

George Did It,  Suzanne Tripp Jurmain

George Washington was NERVOUS about being president.   At the age of 57, the country wanted George to be president.  Americans trusted George, he was honest and dependable.  The Americans ask George Washington to be the first president and George said “No, Thank you.”  Thinking about being president made George NERVOUS.  Some Americans said they’d be willing to support the new U.S. government only if George was elected.  George Washington finally said he’d take the job if Americans thought it was absolutely necessary.  On Inauguration Day, George Washington was NERVOUS his hands shook, and his voice trembled during his 20 minute speech.

Where Washington Walked, by Raymond Bial

Walking through the life of George Washington, and learning more about his family.  George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, on a small plantation known as Pope’s Creek in Westmoreland, County, VA.  George Washington’s half brother Lawrence, who lived at Mt. Vernon, married into a Fairfax family, and these prominent Virginian, later helped launch George’s career.  George’s half brother Lawrence became ill with tuberculosis and George went with him to Barbados in hopes that he would be cured in the warm climate; however, Lawrence died in 1752 and George Washington inherited the Mt. Vernon Estate.

George Washington, by Cheryl Harness

More about the live of George Washington.  George Washington rode horses and dreamed of adventure and set his heart on a military career.  At the age 17, George became a professional surveyor.  He saved his money and took fencing lessons and read books so he could be quick with a sword and with his mind.  George spent a lot of time with wealth neighbors and determined he wanted to be somebody and make his own way in the world.  Also, it was George’s decision to be called Mister President.  George Washington chose the spot where the President’s house still stands in Washington, D.C.  The only ceremony that George and Martha Washington attended at the White House was the 16-gun salute at the unfinished stone mansion.

Web Annotations:

www.apples4theteacher.com – Website contains kid friendly item about George Washington such as:  quick facts, activities, games, scramble puzzle, chapter book biography, coloring pages, interactive computer games, time line of his life, and trivia questions.

www.garden of praise.com  Web site contains George Washington facts for kids, you can view a slide how of pictures, complete a jigsaw puzzle, crossword puzzle, word scrabble, and play a Jeopardy game online.

www.georgewashington.si.edu/kids/nonflash.html  Website contains portraits of George Washington.  Kids are given clues to solve a mystery of what items are missing in the portraits.

kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/peopleplaces/georgewashingtonicecream – Website contains fun facts for kids. Did you know that George Washington’s favorite food is ice cream.

wwww.socitalstudiesforkids.com/subjects/georgewashington.htm - Website contains fun facts and games for children.

www.washingtonworld.org/georgewashingtonkids- Website is called George Washington’s World for kids which contains interactive jigsaw puzzles, audio sound, and interactive videos.

Additional Resources for Teachers:

www.atozteachersuff.com/themes/GeorgeWashington  Website contains helpful tools for teachers such as:  cut and past patterns, lesson plans, slides covering the major event of George Washington’s life, printable quizzes, worksheets, puzzles, and the Paper of George Washington.

www.educationalworld.comWebsite contains lesson a recipe for a Washington cake, brief time line of George life, passages from George Washington’s Journal, and a virtual tour of Mount Vernon.

www.georgewashington.si.edu/kidactivityl.thml  Website contains fun activities kids and lesson plans for teachers.  The section the Patriot Papers contain activities, games, and puzzles.

www.enhancedlearning.com/history/us/pres/Washington/free/shmt Website contains teacher tools such as:  printable pictures, George Washington Cloze Activity, Washington time line Quiz, and President’s Day Activities.